It is important to know when to test your blood sugar. You want to, at the end of the day, see how well the insulin being put into your body is working to help process glucose. While your doctor will tell you exactly how often and when to test your blood glucose levels, here is an idea of times that may be suggested to you:
- before a meal
- 1-2 hours after a meal
- in the middle of the night
- during physical activity
- after physical activity
- when sick
- while stressed
Remember, your doctor knows best for your specific situation. They are one of your predominant allies while working to BEAT DIABETES!
Reasons for Blood Sugar to Drop:
- not eating enough food
- alcohol in bloodstream
- too much medication or insulin
- side effects from other medications
- more exercise than usual
Reasons for Blood Sugar to Rise:
- not active enough
- taking in more carbohydrates than normal
- not enough medication or insulin
- side effects from other medications
The following are from hormone increase:
- menstrual cycle
Once you figure out how to test your blood sugar, it becomes a very simple task. Make sure you first have test strips, a monitor, a lancing device, and a way to track your results. Some very nice monitors are:
- Accu-Chek Aviva Nano
- TRUEone from Home Diagnostics
- ONEtouch Verio IQ Blood Glucose Monitoring System
Many of these are available at local pharmacies such as Walgreen’s, CVS, or even Walmart. The first two are mini monitors, making it easy to monitor your blood sugar on the go. Many insurances will cover the price of your monitor, lancing device, and some test strips.
Blood sugar testing can be done in just a few simple steps.
- wash your hands
- insert the test strip into the meter (if it isn’t pre-loaded)
- prick your finger with a lancing device in order to draw blood
- place the blood on the strip
- wait until results are shown
Some meters will let you use blood pricked from your forearm, thigh, or fleshy part of your hand. In order to draw blood in the most pain-free way, look into purchasing a spring-loaded lancing device.
After getting the results from the meter, it is vital to track your results. Whether it’s on an app, in a glucose log, or even saving them on your monitoring device, your routine blood monitor results are very important to your health. Every so often, as recommended by your doctor, find your average blood sugar level. Finding this number will let you make any adjustments, whether your average is high or low.
Blood sugar testing is a very important part of being a diabetic. Since people with Type 2 Diabetes do not have insulin that works properly, it is important to monitor the progress of the insulin in our bodies by seeing how much glucose is in the bloodstream. While these numbers are very important to our health, it is very important to keep a positive mindset. Don’t let high or low numbers affect your mood, just remember what is needed to get your numbers back to your target. Target numbers vary slightly from person to person. They are based on the age , duration of the diabetes, and individual goals. While these numbers vary slightly, it is important to keep in mind the healthy parameters of blood sugar levels. Before a meal, the blood sugar levels should be somewhere between 80-130 mg/dl. About 1-2 hours after a meal, your blood sugar should be under 180 mg/dl. Make sure you talk with your doctor about your own blood sugar target numbers. A great opportunity to do this is when you meet with them to find out your A1C. This is the measure of blood sugar identified by your doctor at least twice a year. It is important to monitor your blood sugar individually because your average blood sugar affects your A1C. Your doctor will tell you how often to check your blood sugar levels on a day to day basis. It is up to you how you log it, though. You can log blood sugar on blood glucose logs, in apps, or even within your monitor used to test your blood sugar.